Here are the most common insulation material choices for football stadiums, according to a new research report by the International Centre for Sport Environment (ICSE).
In all, 27 of the 32 stadiums surveyed had some form of insulating material on their grounds.
The most common choice is wool insulation.
The study, which surveyed the main football stadiums in the world, was conducted by the ICSE and was published in the International Journal of Climatology.
“We wanted to identify the best and most affordable insulation materials for the stadiums,” said ICSE director Dr Robert D’Aloisio.
“The aim of this study was to identify what materials the stadiums should use in the most economical way and which materials should be avoided.”
These materials have a wide range of features, which allows us to find the best materials for football stadium use.
“This study also showed that the most important factors for stadium-specific insulation use were the location, the capacity and the climate of the stadiums.”
The report also analysed the material properties of some of the more common types of insulators used.
The most common type of insulator was wool insulation, which can be purchased from the Woolworths store.
This is commonly found in high-rise buildings and stadiums.
A similar insulation material was found in the lower and mid-rise structures.
The average cost of insulation in these two structures was around $2,400, and the most expensive insulation material in the study was “wool”, which cost around $5,500.
The cheapest insulation material for football was “grizzly bear” which costs around $100 per metre.
It was found that this insulation material could be used in football stadiums at around $4,000 per metre, but only at the cost of a small increase in the number of fans and lower capacity.
The second most common material was “bark” which is the main insulation material used in stadium construction.
It is a blend of synthetic fibres, which are a mix of wool and synthetic materials.
It is cheaper than wool and costs around three times less.
The report found that all but one stadium used in the survey had a minimum requirement for the total number of people and the capacity of the stadium, with no requirement for specific insulation.
It also found that insulation used in stadiums is often of poor quality.
“Our research showed that a good majority of the materials used in sporting stadiums are of poor or poor quality, which affects the quality of the buildings that are being used,” said Dr D’Allo.
The main concerns for stadiums and fans are that there is a lack of insulation on the ground and that there are poor quality insulators, with “lack of insulation” being the most commonly cited issue.
A second concern is the high cost of the insulation.
The cost of insuring stadiums has increased in recent years, and is believed to be up to 40 per cent higher than the cost to maintain them, with the cost per fan increasing from $4.50 in 2013 to $9.50 now.
The average cost per metre of insulation found for the 30 stadiums surveyed was $434.
In comparison, in 2018, a stadium was expected to cost around €100,000 ($150,000).